A paragraph is an object type in Dynamicweb which is used for two things

  • To define the content structure internally on a page
  • As containers for content coming from the standard paragraph fields, an item type, and/or an app

Paragraphs are created from the page interface and added to the paragraph list for that page (Figure 1.1)

Figure 1.1 The paragraph list view

In the list, a paragraph is shown with:

  • An icon – this icon changes depending on whether a paragraph has an item or an app attached
  • A paragraph name
  • An icon denoting if it’s included or not – if a paragraph is not included it will be greyed out. Click the icon to include/exclude the paragraph.
  • An Edited date showing when the paragraph was last edited
  • A User – this is the user who most recently edited the paragraph
  • An Active from and Active to date if a publication period is defined on the Options­-tab

A paragraph may also be marked with one or more adornments – icons which provide you with at-a-glance information about the paragraph:




Locked by master / Locked due to editing by another user

Permissions set

Personalized. Hidden content

Personalized. Show content

Personalized. Profile points


Split test (Original)

Split test (Variation)

Workflow. Edited content

Workflow. New content

Workflow. Unpublished paragraph


Paragraphs are created by opening a page and pressing New paragraph in the toolbar (Figure 2.1)​.

Figure 2.1 Creating a paragraph

This opens the paragraph-type selector (Figure 2.2) from where you select either a blank paragraph– the default paragraph type – or a paragraph-item if available.

Figure 2.2 Selecting a paragraph type

Whichever type you select, you will be prompted to name the page and click OK - the paragraph will be created and you will see the paragraph interface.

An empty regular paragraph (Figure 3.1) consists of:

  • A toolbar with several tabs of buttons and tools which allow you to do stuff, e.g. set permissions, select a layout, or switch between views (content, item fields, app)
  • A content area showing data appropriate to the selected view – in this case standard fields
  • A footer with technical information about the paragraph (Id, current template, etc.)
Figure 3.1 The paragraph content view

The standard fields are:

  • A name field
  • rich text editor field
  • An image selector
  • A number of image settings

You can use these fields to create and add content to the paragraph. If the paragraph is item-based the standard fields will not be available, instead fields from the item type will be shown.

The toolbar for paragraphs consist of the following tabs:

  • The Content tab is the default tab and is used for common operations – the most important are:
    • Saving the paragraph
    • Switching between views – standard fields, item fields, app settings
    • Selecting a layout
  • The Options tab is used for less important operations, like setting a publication period or setting some of the accessibility options
  • The Advanced tab is used for more advanced operations, e.g.:
  • The Marketing tab is used when working with personalization

Dynamicweb contains a number of apps which may be attached to a paragraph (provided that the item type settings permits it).

They can fulfill a number of different purposes, e.g.:

  • The Product Catalog app is used to publish product to frontend
  • The Forum app is used to add a discussion forum to a website
  • The File Publishing app is used to make a list of files inside a folder available for download from frontend

To add an app to a paragraph:

  • Click the App button in the paragraph tool bar (Figure 4.1)
Figure 4.1 The app button
  • Select an app (Figure 4.2)
Figure 4.2 The app selector panel
  • Configure it
  • Save

Each app is described in stand-alone articles under each main area (Content, Ecommerce).

Global elements are paragraphs which can be used in multiple places across a website. This can be useful if you need to publish information on several pages but not regularly enough to put the content in the layout or master template.

When you edit a global element, the changes are shown everywhere the element is used.Think of each global element as a virtual paragraph, inheriting all properties of the source global paragraph.

To create a global element: 

  • Open a page where you want to add a global element
  • Click the Global element button (Figure 5.1)
Figure 5.1 To add or create a global element to your webpage, click 'Global element' in the toolbar

This opens a list of available global elements (Figure 5.2).

Figure 5.2 The global element overview

You can:

  • Select one or more existing elements
  • Click Add to select a paragraph to make into a global element

Once you’ve made your selection, click Include selected to add the selected global elements to the current page.

Global elements does not work with Visual Editor and should not be referenced across languages. Instead use row and column presets or publish re-usable content with item publisher.


This is the database table associated with paragraphs:


Contains data on paragraph content. Relationship with a page is defined by ParagraphPageId and sorting within that page by ParagraphSort. If a paragraph has an app attached the type is set by ParagraphModuleSystemName and settings are defined by the XML document in ParagraphModuleSettings. Permissions are defined by the XML document preset in ParagraphPermission.

Field name Data type Length
ParagraphId int 4
ParagraphPageId int 4
ParagraphModuleSystemName nvarchar 50
ParagraphIndex bit 1
ParagraphSort int 4
ParagraphHeader nvarchar 255
ParagraphShowHeader bit 1
ParagraphShowParagraph bit 1
ParagraphSubHeader nvarchar Max
ParagraphText nvarchar Max
ParagraphIgnoreBreaks bit 1
ParagraphImage nvarchar 255
ParagraphImageURL nvarchar 255
ParagraphImageTarget nvarchar 250
ParagraphImageNewWindow bit 1
ParagraphImageMouseOver nvarchar 255
ParagraphImageCaption nvarchar 255
ParagraphImageResize bit 1
ParagraphImageVAlign nvarchar 255
ParagraphImageVSpace int 4
ParagraphImageHAlign nvarchar 50
ParagraphImageHSpace int 4
ParagraphTemplateId int 4
ParagraphValidFrom datetime 8
ParagraphValidTo datetime 8
ParagraphCreatedDate datetime 8
ParagraphUpdatedDate datetime 8
ParagraphBottomSpace int 4
ParagraphModuleSettings nvarchar Max
ParagraphUserCreate int 4
ParagraphUserEdit int 4
ParagraphImageLinkTarget nvarchar 255
ParagraphWorkflowId int 4
ParagraphWorkflowState int 4
ParagraphInheritId int 4
ParagraphInheritUpdateDate datetime 8
ParagraphInheritStatus int 4
ParagraphApprovalType int 4
ParagraphApprovalState int 4
ParagraphVersionTimeStamp datetime 8
ParagraphGlobalId int 4
ParagraphMasterParagraphId int 4
ParagraphPreview bit 1
ParagraphCopyOf int 4
ParagraphModuleCSS nvarchar Max
ParagraphModuleJS nvarchar Max
ParagraphContainer nvarchar 255
ParagraphTemplate nvarchar 255
ParagraphPermission nvarchar Max
ParagraphMasterType int 4
ParagraphVariation int 4
ParagraphItemType nvarchar 255
ParagraphItemId nvarchar 255
ParagraphHideForPhones bit 1
ParagraphHideForTablets bit 1
ParagraphHideForDesktops bit 1
ParagraphUniqueId uniqueidentifier 16
ParagraphColumnsLarge int 4
ParagraphColumnsMedium int 4
ParagraphColumnsSmall int 4
ParentContainer nvarchar Max
ContainerId nvarchar Max
ParagraphRowColor nvarchar 50
ParagraphRowImage nvarchar 255
ParagraphRowCssClass nvarchar 100
ParagraphRowId nvarchar 50
ParagraphParentRowId int 4
ParagraphGridRowId int 4
ParagraphGridRowColumn int 4
ParagraphIsTemplate bit 1
ParagraphTemplateDescription nvarchar 255